- (Ananda Temple)One of the principal Buddhist monuments ( pahto) of Pagan (Bagan), believed to have been built in the early 12th century by King Kyanzittha (r. 1084-1112). A square, terraced building with entrances on each side and narrow, vaulted interior passages, its highest elevation, a gilded hti, is 51 meters. At the center of the interior are standing images of the four historical Buddhas, including Gotama Buddha, before which life-sized statues of Kyanzittha and Shin Arahan, the king's Buddhist teacher, kneel. The Ananda is richly decorated with bas reliefs and terra cotta tiles depicting the Jatakas, or birth-tales of the Buddha.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Ananda Temple — See Ananda Pahto … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Architecture, Religious — The most striking feature of the human landscape in both urban and rural Burma is the abundance of religious buildings, which reflects the importance of Buddhism in Burmese life. Although some of these structures, such as the monuments at Sri… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty — (1044 ca. 1325) Pagan (Bagan) was a small Burman city state established on the banks of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River in what is now Mandalay Division in the ninth century CE. After King Anawrahta (r. 1044 1077) became its ruler, he… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Kyanzittha, King — (r. 1084 1112) Third king of the Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty and son of its founder, Anawrahta. Best known for building the Ananda Pahto (Ananda Temple), he promoted the commingling of Burmans and Mons, marrying his daughter to the great grandson … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
INDIAN ARCHITECTURE — The structural, aesthetic, and symbolic characteristics of Indian architecture are traditionally seen within the shared cultural history of the peoples of the South Asian subcontinent, which includes modern day India and the surrounding… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Shin Arahan — (ca. 11th century CE) A Mon monk, whom King Anawrahta (r. 1044 1077), founder of the Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty, charged with converting his subjects to the orthodox doctrines of Theravada Buddhism. He was also patronized by Anawrahta s… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
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