Ananda Pahto

   (Ananda Temple)
   One of the principal Buddhist monuments ( pahto) of Pagan (Bagan), believed to have been built in the early 12th century by King Kyanzittha (r. 1084-1112). A square, terraced building with entrances on each side and narrow, vaulted interior passages, its highest elevation, a gilded hti, is 51 meters. At the center of the interior are standing images of the four historical Buddhas, including Gotama Buddha, before which life-sized statues of Kyanzittha and Shin Arahan, the king's Buddhist teacher, kneel. The Ananda is richly decorated with bas reliefs and terra cotta tiles depicting the Jatakas, or birth-tales of the Buddha.
   See also Architecture, Religious; Pagan Dynasty; Shwezigon Pagoda.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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